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Kalaripayattu, Thang Ta & Sarit Sarak
Manipuri Martial Arts Thang - Ta and Sarit Sarak are the Manipuri Martial Arts Technique, the traditions of which had been passed down over the centuries. It is a very energetic and skillful art and is a way to perfect one's battlecraft during the peacetime in the olden days when every Manipuri was a warrior who is required to serve his country at the time of war. A long and precise practice is required and only the brave and athletic could excel. The art as seen today observe elaborate rituals and rules, which are strictly observed by the participants. The historical antecedent of this martial art form combines indigenous systems of martial arts.
Kalaripayattu of Sanskrit lineage, the word kalari denotes 'place of training' and payattu signifies 'training in the martial arts'. Based on vastu shastra principles, the Kalaripayattu arena is dug six feet below the ground over an area of 42 feet in length in the east-west direction and 21 feet in breadth. The most well known kalari is CVN Kalari in Thiruvananthapurm, India. The practice of Kalaripayattu is said to originate from the Dhanur Vedic texts encompassing all fighting arts and described by the Vishnu Purana as one of the eighteen traditional branches of knowledge. Kalaris are the schools where training in this martial art form is imparted by Gurukals or masters. This martial art form is indigenous to the Southern Indian state of Kerala which, legend has it, was created by the warrior saint Parasurama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, by throwing his axe into the sea which receded till the point where it fell. Parasurama then established forty-two kalaris and taught twenty-one masters of these kalaris to protect the land he created.
Kalaripayattu , Thang Ta & Sarit Sarak is the oldest existing martial art form, dating back more than 2000 years and said to be the forerunner of popularly known Chinese martial arts, as the Buddhist monk Bodhidharma took this knowledge from India to China. These amazing martial arts characterized by high jumps, kicks and swordsmanship. Practitioners are also trained in the use of weapons like staff, spear, dagger, sword, mace and shield after six years. A martial-artist has to undergo strenuous practice-sessions. Only the brave and the athletic could excel.
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